Nearly half of the schools run by the UN’s agency for Palestinian refugees have been hit by conflict in the last five years, the body said on Monday on the sidelines of the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon earlier reminded participants on the opening day of the two-day summit that attacks on schools and hospitals in conflict cannot go unpunished any longer.
But the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) said 302 out of 692 schools it runs for Palestinian refugees in Syria, Lebanon, the Gaza Strip and West Bank have suffered damage due to conflict in the last half decade.
“Nearly half of the 692 schools run across the region have been impacted, attacked or otherwise rendered inoperable by conflict or violence in the last five years,” it said in a report unveiled at the summit.
UNRWA’s Commissioner-General, Pierre Kraehenbuehl, called the figure “staggering.”
Kraehenbuehl called on states and non-state parties to “refrain from such attacks, to respect the civilian character of UN installations and to spare the lives of children, civilians and humanitarian workers.”
He said that protecting schools against the effects of conflict was a “key test” of the world’s ability to deliver on its humanitarian commitments.
The UNRWA report said that in Syria five years of war have rendered over 70 percent of its schools inoperative, due to damage, access restrictions or the need for schools to be used as shelters.
Residents of the besieged Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp wait to leave the camp, on the southern edge of the Syrian capital Damascus, Syria, Feb. 4, 2014 (AP/SANA)
Before the outbreak of the conflict, UNRWA operated 118 schools throughout Syria but 34 have been fully or partially damaged and currently only 44 are open, it said.
Even after half a decade of war, an estimated 450,000 Palestinian refugees remain in Syria, it said.
UNRWA complained the Israeli blockade on the Gaza Strip had a “devastating effect” on refugee children, while clashes in Lebanon had also damaged schools.
An independent UN inquiry found in 2015 that Palestinian armed groups hid weapons in three empty UN-run schools in Gaza and that in at least two cases terrorists “probably” fired rockets at Israel from the facilities. The probe found that Israeli strikes on UN facilities, including schools, killed at least 44 Palestinians and injured 227 others.
It said it was seeking to counter the problems by providing self-learning materials and facilities, rebuilding damaged schools and seeking accountability for attacks against UNRWA schools.
UNRWA, established in 1949, provides protection to some five million registered Palestinian refugees, a number which includes second-, third- and subsequent generations of those displaced in Israel’s 1948 War of Independence.